Teplitskiy, Misha, et al. "How status of research papers affects the way they are read and cited." Research Policy, 51.4, (2022).

According to this article based on 17,154 randomly sampled citations collected via surveys from 9,380 corresponding authors in 15 fields, higher citation counts lead to more meaningful engagement from readers. Thus, the most highly cited papers exhibit a significant impact on their research fields.